4th Amendment, Criminal Procedure, Due Process, Editor Blog, Fourteenth Amendment, Fourth Amendment, Mass. Crim. Dig., Surveillance

Mass. Crim. Dig.: Commonwealth v. Guzman

Contributing Editor: Wendy Hansen

Commonwealth v. Guzman, 469 Mass. 492 (2014)

I. Issues

There are three main issues in this case:
  1. Whether the imposition of the Global Positioning System (“GPS”) is mandatory under chapter 265, section 47 of the Massachusetts General Laws;
  2. Whether the statutory mandate violates substantive and procedural due process under the Fourteenth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution and Articles 1, 10, 11, and 12 of the Massachusetts Declaration of Rights; and
  3. Whether the statutory mandate constitutes unreasonable search and seizure under the Fourth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution and Article Fourteen under the Massachusetts Declaration of Rights.

criminal law, Due Process, Editor Blog, Mass. Crim. Dig., Privacy

Mass. Crim. Dig.: Moe v. SORB

Contributing Editor: Kevin C. Mortimer

Moe v. Sex Offender Registry Board, 467 Mass. 598 (2014)

I. Issue

In Moe v. Sex Offender Registry Board, the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court (“SJC”) considered: (1) whether the July 12, 2013 amendments to the sex offender registry law (“SORL”) are retroactive as applied to those classified as level two offenders on or before July 12, 2013; (2) whether the Legislature intended for retroactive application; and (3) if so, whether such application violates due process under the Massachusetts Declaration of Rights.

II. Holding

The SJC held that: (1) the July 12, 2013 amendments to the sex offender registry law are retroactive as applied to those classified as level two offenders on or before July 12, 2013; (2) the Legislature intended for retroactive application; and (3) such application violates due process under the Massachusetts Declaration of Rights.